Drawing on Self-Determination Theory, the current study hypothesized that basic psychological needs (i.e., autonomy, relatedness, competence) mediate the relationship between engaging leadership (i.e., strengthening, connecting and empowering) and both positive and negative outcomes. An association between need satisfaction and positive results and an association between need frustration and adverse outcomes were expected. Data from two multinational, technical engineering organizations (N = 304) showed that autonomy satisfaction was found to play a pivotal role in engaging leadership model and was associated with increased positive outcomes, such as work engagement and autonomous motivation, and decreased unfavorable motivational consequences, such as controlled motivation and amotivation. The highlighted role of autonomy satisfaction informs leaders to focus on the positive aspects of leadership and need fulfillment rather than aiming to diminish frustration. Additionally, the current study adds to the growing body of knowledge on effective leadership approaches in a fast-changing complex business world and on the beneﬁts of autonomy-supportive work environments (download full article).